Guide for Authors

Please note, that only manuscripts that comply with the journals Aims and Scope and the Guide for Authors of Landscape Online as outlined here will be accepted as submissions. Furthermore all authors need to agree to the Open Access Policy and grants Landscape Online the right to publish this article under the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC BY) license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0. Articles that do not meet any of these criteria may be rejected. 

However, successfull submission of a manuscript does not guarantee acceptance for publication. All kinds of articles must not be published beforehand in another journal. Therefore, all manuscripts will undergo a plagiarism check based on Crossref Similarity Check powered by iThenticate. Any overlap with a published or submitted work needs to be declared to the editorial mangement on submission.

To meet scientific standard all articles need to undergo a double-blind peer-review process. The average acceptance rate of manuscript submissions in Landscape Online is currently about 40% - 62 accepted articles by a total of 155 received manuscripts (state January 2018).

Manuscript preparation for submission

For your initial submission, please use our Word Template (DOT) to provide your entire manuscript, including tables and figures, within a single text document. Here you can download a word template. Submit the manuscript as MS Word DOCUMENT (*.DOCX / *.DOC) or RICH TEXT FORMAT (.RTF). 

The submission needs to contain both: a non-anonymous and an anonymous version of the manuscript:
- The non-anonymous version contains author names, institutions, email addresses acknowledgements and funding information.
- The anonymous version needs to ensure that reviewers won’t be able to identify authors and co-authors, as well as the institution where the research was carried and fundings. Therefore also avoid any acknowledgements in this version. Please make sure that neither of these information are mentioned in the text. Also refer to self-cited work in the third person and avoid any own references in the first person or replace author names with [author(s)] in the text. You may use the Document Inspector in MS Word to remove identifying properties (meta data, hidden content).

Publication ethics for authors

Authorship
To be named as author, people need to contribute substantially to the writing of a manuscript or to the research presented. During submission we ask authors to clarify roles and contributions of the different co-authors.
Relating to CRediT and in accordance to the ICMJE authors should have a) substantially contributed to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND b) drafted or revised the work critically for important intellectual content; AND c) give final approval of the version to be published; AND d) agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Changes to the author list after submission have to be discussed with the responsible editor and are only permitted in exceptional cases, for example when additional work was required during the revision of the manuscript. All co-authors have to agree to the change.

Self-Citation
We ask authors to be cautious about self citations. Previous publications should be cited where appropriate but excessive self-citation should be avoided. In particular in cases of excessive self-citations editors may ask to delete individual self-citations in case they are not considered as relevant and substantial. 

For more information please be also aware on the ethical guidelines as recommended by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) as well as the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity.

Article categories

We offer five different paper categories, namely full research articles, short papers, reviews, ideas and syntheses. Encourage primary literature citations. All paper categories are without any limitations in length, but should be focused and appropriate to its content. Also, there is no limitation on the number of references included in an article, in order to give credit to the group(s) who first reported a finding. Furthermore, we encourage for literature reviews to cite the original source of discoveries as opposed to review articles. 

Research Article
Original Articles summarize and examine in-depth important aspects of landscape (ecological) research both, a specific project, model or a theory on landscape. There is no further regulation as to the structure of the article. But all articles should have a clear scientific structure and respective results (in case of a model or empirical study)/conclusions (in case of a more theoretical contribution).

Short paper
Short papers refer to a short presentation of a new method/methodology/model that needs further empirical testing and elaboration but should be introduced in the scientific community to foster discussion. The short paper can be upgraded in length and comprehensiveness to a Research Article after a round of reviews and opinion gathering. The review time is limited and permits fast progress. Short papers could be a typical part of PhD research.

Review
Reviews give a critical overview of recent publications and comprehensive state-of-the-art knowledge on a specific topic/topic area in landscape (ecological) research. Reviews elaborate major research questions, indicate research gaps, and suggest future research directions. They typically base on a web-based database survey and analysis to grab the state of the art comprehensively.

Idea
Ideas present new concepts, methods, methodologies, models, approaches, or theoretical aspects in landscape (ecological) that should be further discussed within the scientific community. There are no restrictions to the structure of Ideas presented, but submissions must clearly present what the novelty is. Ideas need to be well derived from recent literature. Furthermore, advantages and disadvantages of the presented Idea must be discussed.

Synthesis
Syntheses offer to more specifically target scientific outputs for knowledge brokerage, putting emphasis on theory-practice transfer and policy making. This might include the integration of research outputs that might have been considered and published separately in order to give new insights if combined.